Infertility is defined as failure to become pregnant after one or more years of regular sexual activity conducted during the time of ovulation. Infertility afflicts over 6 million American couples, of which approximately 40% is attributed to male and 60% to female partners. For females, there are many reasons that contribute to infertility, including but not limited to ovulatory failure or defect, blocked fallopian tubes, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, polyps, pelvic adhesions, pelvic inflammatory diseases, chlamydia, hormonal imbalance, age (especially over 34 years of age), and psychological issues. Often, more than one cause contributes to infertility. According to traditional Chinese medicine, treatment of female infertility must focus on regulation of the menses. Essential keys in becoming pregnant include a healthy menstrual cycle along with strong Kidney qi, an abundance of blood in the chong (thoroughfare) channel, and an unblocked ren (conception) channel.